It includes four issues: confident care and attention opinions (“Alarming facilitate me to avoid difficulties later”), beliefs in the uncontrollability and you will threat (“My personal worrying try hazardous for me personally”), intellectual proficiency (“I’ve nothing rely on in my own thoughts for terms and conditions and you may names”), general negative viewpoints (“Easily did not handle a stressing believe, after which it happened, it could be my fault”), and you may cognitive notice-awareness (“I think a lot from the my opinion”). The new metacognition questionnaire try obtained from inside the an excellent 4 area measure out of step 1 (“don’t concur”) to cuatro (“consent very much”) along with a good Chronbach’s alpha = .88. The fresh metacognition questionnaire has been utilized generally for the low-scientific products particularly smokers and you will college students [44, 45]. An entire get try determined to create an inventory out of metacognition for each and every new member.
New Fanatical-Obsessive Collection are a great 42-items self-report survey, assessing the severity of certain obsessions and you https://datingranking.net/escort-directory/saint-paul/ can compulsions of OCD for the grownups . The newest compulsive-obsessive index contains 7 subscales that are included with washing (“We wash my personal hand more often otherwise more than called for”), checking (“I go back into places so as that You will find maybe not harm some one”), denying (“Though I really do one thing cautiously I’m this is not a bit proper”), buying (“I get disturb when the anyone else features changed how i enjoys install my some thing”), obsessing (“I find it difficult to deal with my advice”), hoarding (“I collect some thing I don’t you need”), and you may neutralising (“I believe I need to repeat certain number”). That it inventory was scored towards a good cuatro part Likert scale, from just one (“definitely not”) to 4 (“extremely”) along with an excellent Chronbach’s alpha = .88. An entire get try computed in order to create you to definitely get per fellow member pertaining to O-C attacks.
The possibility attempt away from college students participated in the analysis. Users was basically firstly presented with facts about the study and you can considering the opportunity to ask questions about it. Once providing agree, for every new member offered demographic suggestions, and then were offered the new five surveys into the a counterbalanced order to respond to within their particular date. In the event that new member complete he/she was thanked and you will debriefed. Every materials and procedures followed the new ethical assistance and functions in depth because of the Western Psychological Connection and you can was in fact seemed and you may recognized by College of Hertfordshire integrity committee (Number:14149216).
Data is actually processed for missing thinking, outliers and you will presumptions from statistical study in advance of any research . All parameters got acceptable thinking for skewness and kurtosis with no high outliers. Bivariate correlations of one’s countless most of the determined spiders shown self-confident and extreme connections between the two (Table 1). The strongest association was within spiders off state and you will trait stress, followed closely by this new connection between anxiety sensitiveness, metacognition and you may O-C episodes.
Our first prediction was that metacognition and anxiety (state and trait) would be significant predictors of O-C symptoms. Consistent with our expectations all variables were associated to O-C symptoms in significant and positive correlations (all ps < .001) [24, 30, 33].
In order to investigate the relative importance of each of the computed index on the prediction of O-C symptoms all the indexes were used as simultaneous predictors of O-C symptoms in a multivariate regression analysis. Results revealed that metacognition was the best predictor of O-C symptoms (? = .41, p < .001), followed by trait anxiety (? = .21, p < .05), state anxiety (? = .16, p = .08), and anxiety sensitivity (? = .04, p = .63). The overall model resulted significant, R 2 = .49, F(4, 151) = , p < .001). Although previous research indicated that anxiety sensitivity is a good predictor of O-C symptoms , the inclusion of the other variables reduced its effect to a non-significant level.